Angles are formed when two rays have the same end point. This common end point is called the vertex.
The angle ABC is written as LABC. Other ways of representing the LABC is LB, , or LCBA.
B is the vertex and must be in the middle. AB and BC are called arms of the angle.
Here are some other types of angles.
- LB or is used only if the angle has 2 arms.
- Also, we need to be careful to represent the angle as LB or when the point B is the vertex for more than one angle. Since there are two angles LABC and LCBD sharing the same vertex B, we cannot represent the angle as LB or
When we have a common arm, say BC (in the above diagram) at vertex B, LABC (or LCBA) and LCBD (or LDBC) are called adjacent angles.
When adjacent angles add up to 90°, the two angles are then said to be complementary angles; they will then make a right angled triangle (= 90º).
Here LABC and LCBD, (50º and 40° respectively) are complementary angles. We say 50º is a complement of 40º and vice versa.
Straight line (or supplementary angles):
This is a straight line, and it measures 180°.
When a pair of angles that have a sum of 180°, then they are called supplementary angles. Here LABC (= 130°) and LABD (=50°) add up to 180°(straight angle), and hence are supplementary angles. 50º is supplement of 130º.
Vertically opposite angles:
When two straight lines intersect, four angles are formed, viz. LABE, LEBC, LCBD and LDBA. Of these four angles, LEBC and LDBA are equal and vertically opposite each other. Similarly, LABE and LCBD are equal and vertically opposite each other.
Angle at a point:
Finally, when two or more angles with a common vertex move around in a circle (or form a revolution), they will add up to 360°.
Here’s some other types of angles